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J'ai acheté les 3 livres de McClish. Je viens de finir celui-ci. Étant attiré par le langage non-verbal et la détection des mensonges , c'est cet aspect qui m'a attiré. L'étude via le langage verbal semble cohérente, j'y ai retrouvé des discussions entendues. Concernant le non-verbal, par contre, McClish se base sur le mouvement des yeux, jamais démontré scientifiquement et largement remis en cause. Il a aussi des conclusions trop hatives sur les croisements de bras. Pour l'écriture je n'ai pas encore assez de recul pour apporter une conclusion. De plus il ne faut pas oublier, que ce livre est en anglais et s'appuie sur ce que disent les personnes qui écrivent ou parlent dans cette langue. En conclusion : Pour le verbal : cela me semble correct. Il dit dit qu'il faut tenir compte du "dictionnaire" de la personne". (baseline) Ce qui lui fait défaut dans son analyse du non verbal. Pour le non-verbal : il a des conclusions trop simplistes, il faut tenir compte du contexte, de la baseline de la personne. Ce q qu’il ne précise pas. Pour la partie graphologie : Là je n'ai pas assez expérimenté pour me faire une idée. Surtout que l'on parle de personnes qui écrivent en anglais. Je vais lire les 2 autres livres qui sont plus fournis
This book is based on techniques used by police, or by a person interviewing someone. I did not find the handwriting analysis very scientific in its premises or conclusions, not objective enough, and in any case, only in certain unique situations is someone asked to provide a handwriting sample. I liked the part of the nonverbal communication, one which better illustrates how someone behaves when lying. The statement analysis did not convince very much as to its credibility; for example, the book talks about mixing pronouns in a sentence as a way to spot a lie, but one oftens mixes mixes pronouns when speaking fast, or it may just be one's style, which not always means that a person is lying. In sum, the book made some good points, and I learned a lot from reading it. However, only some of these techniques would apply to our day-to-day encounters with people.
The author reviews research and best practice literature across the disciplines of statement analysis. nonverbal communication, and handwriting analysis to identify techniques that can determine whether someone is lying. The focus is on techniques that can be used by a single person conducting an interview with no assistance or special equipment. Complex techniques, such as voice stress analysis, receive only passing attention.
The ten techniques are:
1. Listen for the word `never'--it is often part of a phony denial. 2. Pay attention to the pronouns--when `I' is not used this shows a lack of commitment to the statement being made. 3. Examine people's "personal dictionary"--not times when they begin to use different terms for the same things. This may indicate a transition between the truthful and untruthful parts of a statement. 4. Observe when the person being questioned does not answer the question being asked but a related one instead. This may indicate deception. 5. Did the person being questioned answer a question with another question? This may also indicate deception. 6. Watch for fingers touching the mouth, a common "tell" for lying. 7. When a person looks to the right while answering, it may be an indication that they are fabricating an answer. 8. Notice if the person being questioned crosses their arms or legs. This is another common "tell." 9. Observe the form of the letter `o' in the person's handwriting. Extra loops inside of the `o' indicate a more secretive person. 10. Watch for the "felon's claw" in the person's handwriting. This is a downward `hook' that appears in the lower case g, y, and z. Also the capitol letters A, G, H, and J.
The book presents a brief and readable discussion of the essentials of the three areas of deception detection it addresses. The discussion of nonverbal cues is consistent with more in-depth treatments such as Phil Houston, Mike Floyd, and Susan Carnicero's
Spy the Lie
and Paul Ekman's
. I am less familiar with statement analysis and handwriting analysis and so cannot comment on how these subjects are treated. The book would be improved if it pointed to research findings in all three of these disciplines.