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About Nick Bostrom
Nick Bostrom is a Swedish-born philosopher and polymath with a background in theoretical physics, computational neuroscience, logic, and artificial intelligence, as well as philosophy. He is a Professor at Oxford University, where he leads the Future of Humanity Institute as its founding director. (The FHI is a multidisciplinary university research center; it is also home to the Center for the Governance of Artificial Intelligence and to teams working on AI safety, biosecurity, macrostrategy, and various other technology or foundational questions.) He is the author of some 200 publications, including Anthropic Bias (2002), Global Catastrophic Risks (2008), Human Enhancement (2009), and Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies (2014), a New York Times bestseller which helped spark a global conversation about artificial intelligence. Bostrom’s widely influential work, which traverses philosophy, science, ethics, and technology, has illuminated the links between our present actions and long-term global outcomes, thereby casting a new light on the human condition.
He is recipient of a Eugene R. Gannon Award, and has been listed on Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers list twice. He was included on Prospect’s World Thinkers list, the youngest person in the top 15. His writings have been translated into 28 languages, and there have been more than 100 translations and reprints of his works. He is a repeat TED speaker and has done more than 2,000 interviews with television, radio, and print media. As a graduate student he dabbled in stand-up comedy on the London circuit, but he has since reconnected with the doom and gloom of his Swedish roots.
For more, see www.nickbostrom.com
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Books By Nick Bostrom
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If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence.
But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation?
To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological
cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.
This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
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In Global Catastrophic Risks 25 leading experts look at the gravest risks facing humanity in the 21st century, including asteroid impacts, gamma-ray bursts, Earth-based natural catastrophes, nuclear war, terrorism, global warming, biological weapons, totalitarianism, advanced nanotechnology, general artificial intelligence, and social collapse. The book also addresses over-arching issues - policy responses and methods for predicting and managing catastrophes.
This is invaluable reading for anyone interested in the big issues of our time; for students focusing on science, society, technology, and public policy; and for academics, policy-makers, and professionals working in these acutely important fields.
Profundamente ambicioso e original, Superinteligência: Caminhos, Perigos, Estratégias avança cuidadosamente por um amplo e árduo terreno intelectual, porém, com uma escrita tão perspicaz e clara que faz com que tudo pareça simples. Através de uma jornada completamente envolvente que nos conduz às fronteiras do pensamento sobre a condição humana e o futuro da vida inteligente, a obra do filósofo Nick Bostrom redefine o desafio essencial de nosso tempo.
Superinteligência, de Nick Bostrom - professor na faculdade de Filosofia na Universidade de Oxford -, tem sido aclamado e recomendado por nomes como Bill Gates e Elon Musk. Traduzido em mais de uma dezena de países, o livro alcançou a lista de mais vendidos do New York Times e o autor foi incluído pela revista Foreign Policy entre os "Top 100 Global Thinkers" de 2015. A obra integra a linha editorial Crânio, da DarkSide Books, que tem o compromisso de publicar material minuciosamente selecionado. Obras assinadas por especialistas, acadêmicos e pensadores em diversas áreas, dispostos a dividir experiências e pontos de vista transformadores que nos ajudem a entender melhor esse estranho e admirável mundo novo.
El perfeccionamiento humano pretende aumentar las capacidades humanas por encima de niveles normales. Varias formas de perfeccionamiento humano ya están siendo utilizadas. Muchos estudiantes y académicos toman medicamentos para su desarrollo cognitivo con el objetivo de conseguir una ventaja competitiva. Algunos atletas profesionales potencian su rendimiento con sustancias legales e ilegales. Muchos empleados de oficinas empiezan cada día con una dosis de cafeína. Esto es solo el principio. A medida que avanzan la ciencia y la tecnología, impulsar las habilidades humanas básicas para aumentar o ajustar la cognición, estado de ánimo, personalidad y rendimiento físico, y para controlar los procesos biológicos subyacentes al envejecimiento normal, será cada vez más factible. Algunos sugieren que dichos avances nos llevarán más allá de los límites de la naturaleza humana.
Estas tendencias y estas grandes posibilidades que pueden darse en el futuro plantean interrogantes éticos trascendentes. Estos han generado un debate público intenso y se han convertido en el tema de conversación central en lo que a ética práctica se refiere. ¿Deberíamos estar de lado de los bioconservadores y renunciar al uso de cualquier intervención biomédica cuyo objetivo sea potenciar las habilidades humanas? ¿Deberíamos apoyar a los transhumanistas y dar la bienvenida a nuevas oportunidades? ¿O deberíamos encontrar una solución media?
Esta obra, Mejoramiento Humano, presenta las últimas tendencias en este debate crucial: contribuciones originales realizadas por muchos de los éticos y pensadores morales más importantes del mundo, que ofrecen una amplia gama de perspectivas, así como por defensores y escépticos, entusiastas y moderados. Este es el debate que determinará el desarrollo de la humanidad en un futuro próximo.
Anthropic Bias explores how to reason when you suspect that your evidence is biased by "observation selection effects"--that is, evidence that has been filtered by the precondition that there be some suitably positioned observer to "have" the evidence. This conundrum--sometimes alluded to as "the anthropic principle," "self-locating belief," or "indexical information"--turns out to be a surprisingly perplexing and intellectually stimulating challenge, one abounding with important implications for many areas in science and philosophy.
There are the philosophical thought experiments and paradoxes: the Doomsday Argument; Sleeping Beauty; the Presumptuous Philosopher; Adam & Eve; the Absent-Minded Driver; the Shooting Room.
And there are the applications in contemporary science: cosmology ("How many universes are there?", "Why does the universe appear fine-tuned for life?"); evolutionary theory ("How improbable was the evolution of intelligent life on our planet?"); the problem of time's arrow ("Can it be given a thermodynamic explanation?"); quantum physics ("How can the many-worlds theory be tested?"); game-theory problems with imperfect recall ("How to model them?"); even traffic analysis ("Why is the 'next lane' faster?").
Anthropic Bias argues that the same principles are at work across all these domains. And it offers a synthesis: a mathematically explicit theory of observation selection effects that attempts to meet scientific needs while steering clear of philosophical paradox.
Human enhancement aims to increase human capacities above normal levels. Many forms of human enhancement are already in use. Many students and academics take cognition enhancing drugs to get a competitive edge. Some top athletes boost their performance with legal and illegal substances. Many an office worker begins each day with a dose of caffeine. This is only the beginning. As science and technology advance further, it will become increasingly possible to enhance basic human capacities to
increase or modulate cognition, mood, personality, and physical performance, and to control the biological processes underlying normal aging. Some have suggested that such advances would take us beyond the bounds of human nature.
These trends, and these dramatic prospects, raise profound ethical questions. They have generated intense public debate and have become a central topic of discussion within practical ethics. Should we side with bioconservatives, and forgo the use of any biomedical interventions aimed at enhancing human capacities? Should we side with transhumanists and embrace the new opportunities? Or should we perhaps plot some middle course?
Human Enhancement presents the latest moves in this crucial debate: original contributions from many of the world's leading ethicists and moral thinkers, representing a wide range of perspectives, advocates and sceptics, enthusiasts and moderates. These are the arguments that will determine how humanity develops in the near future.