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Nirmala (Hindi Edition): निर्मला by [Premchand, Munshi, प्रेमचंद, मुंशी]

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Nirmala (Hindi Edition): निर्मला Kindle Edition

4.4 out of 5 stars 280 ratings

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Product Description

प्रेमचंद

प्रेमचंद भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप के सबसे मशहूर लेखकों में से एक हैं, और बीसवीं सदी के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हिन्दुस्तानी लेखकों में से एक के रूप में जाना जाता है। उनकी रचनाओं में एक दर्जन उपन्यास, लगभग 250 लघु कथाएँ, कई निबंध और अनेकों विदेशी साहित्यिक कृतियों का हिंदी में अनुवाद शामिल है। प्रेमचंद को पहला हिंदी लेखक माना जाता है जिनका लेखन प्रमुखता यथार्थवाद पर आधारित था। उनके उपन्यास गरीबों और शहरी मध्यम वर्ग की समस्याओं का वर्णन करते हैं। उन्होंने राष्ट्रीय और सामाजिक मुद्दों के बारे में जनता में जागरूकता लाने के लिए साहित्य का उपयोग किया और भ्रष्टाचार, बाल विधवापन, वेश्यावृत्ति, सामंती व्यवस्था, गरीबी, उपनिवेशवाद के लिए और भारत के स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन से संबंधित विषयों के बारे में लिखा।

प्रेमचंद ने 1900 के दशक के अंत में कानपुर में राजनीतिक मामलों में रुचि लेना शुरू किया था, और यह उनके शुरुआती काम में दिखाई देता है, जिनमें देशभक्ति का रंग था। शुरू में उनके राजनीतिक विचार मध्यम भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस नेता गोपाल कृष्ण गोखले से प्रभावित थे, पर बाद में, उनका झुकाव और अधिक कट्टरपंथी बाल गंगाधर तिलक की ओर हो गया। उन्होंने सख्त सरकारी सेंसरशिप के कारण, उन्होंने अपनी कुछ कहानियों में विशेषकर ब्रिटिश सरकार का उल्लेख नहीं किया, पर लेकिन मध्यकालीन युग और विदेशी इतिहास की सेटिंग में अपने विरोध को छिपा कर व्यक्त किया।

1920 में, वे महात्मा गाँधी के असहयोग आंदोलन और सामाजिक सुधार के लिए संघर्ष से प्रभावित थे। प्रेमचंद का ध्यान किसानों और मजदूर वर्ग के आर्थिक उदारीकरण पर केंद्रित था, और वे तेजी से औद्योगिकीकरण के विरोधी थे, जो उनके अनुसार किसानों के हितों के नुक्सान और श्रमिकों के आगे उत्पीड़न का कारण बन सकता था।

Premchand

Premchand is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent, and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindustani writers of the early twentieth century. His works include more than a dozen novels, around 250 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary works into Hindi. Premchand is considered the first Hindi author whose writings prominently featured realism. His novels describe the problems of the poor and the urban middle-class. He used literature for the purpose of arousing public awareness about national and social issues and often wrote about topics related to corruption, child widowhood, prostitution, feudal system, poverty, colonialism and on the India's freedom movement.

Premchand started taking an interest in political affairs while at Kanpur during the late 1900s, and this is reflected in his early works, which have patriotic overtones. His political thoughts were initially influenced by the moderate Indian National Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale, but later, he moved towards the more radical Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He did not specifically mention the British in his some of his stories, due to strong government censorship, but disguised his opposition in settings from the medieval era and the foreign history.

In the 1920s, he was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement and the accompanying struggle for social reform. Premchand was focused on the economic liberalization of the peasantry and the working class, and was opposed to rapid industrialization, which he felt would hurt the interests of the peasants and lead to further oppression of the workers.

About the Author

Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindi-Urdu literature. He is one of the most celebrated writers from India. Born Dhanpat Rai, he began writing under the pen name "Nawab Rai", but subsequently switched to "Premchand". His works include more than a dozen novels, around 250 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary works into Hindi.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 1197 KB
  • Print Length: 259 pages
  • Publisher: Palm Leaf Press (17 August 2017)
  • Sold by: Amazon Asia-Pacific Holdings Private Limited
  • Language: Hindi
  • ASIN: B074XCB33B
  • Word Wise: Not Enabled
  • Screen Reader: Supported
  • Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled
  • Customer Reviews: 4.4 out of 5 stars 193 customer reviews
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,59,170 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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